Fig. 2. A. Left upper limb angiogram following whole body lead oxide arterial
B,C. The integument of the upper limb has been partially dissected and unrolled from the limb.
Each perforator emerging through muscle or fascia is identified with metal clips (marked 1-4).
The flexor carpi ulnaris muscle is marked for reference. D,E. The integument is dissected
completely and mounted on cardboard at its exact dimensions and radiographed. This
preparation shows three perforators supplying the area around the posterior antebrachial
cutaneous nerve for the forearm.