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Psychosocial Intervention

versión On-line ISSN 2173-4712versión impresa ISSN 1132-0559

Resumen

HALAMOVA, Júlia; KANOVSKY, Martin  y  NANIšTOVA, Eva. Development and Psychometric Analysis of the Sense of Community Descriptors Scale. Psychosocial Intervention [online]. 2018, vol.27, n.1, pp.44-55. ISSN 2173-4712.  http://dx.doi.org/10.5093/pi2018a8.

The authors report the development and robust evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Sense of Community Descriptors Scale, which, as one of the few scales that measures the psychological sense of community regardless of context, can be utilized in all kinds of communities for assessing community intervention effectiveness. The Sense of Community Descriptors Scale uses a semi-projective method in the form of a semantic differential. Contrary to the majority of sense of community measures stemming from the theory of McMillan and Chavis, the Sense of Community Descriptors Scale is based on Peck’s theory. It measures the sense of community in a real and ideal community. The degree of differences between them is then used to determine the level of satisfaction. The reliability of the scale was high, and its convergent validity was supported by the correlation of the Perceived Sense of Community Scale and the Brief Sense of Community Scale. Factor analysis showed three dimensions (Acceptance, Dynamics, and Openness). The Sense of Community Descriptors Scale is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring the level of psychological sense of community beyond the specific context of such community and in various multilayer communities.

Palabras clave : Community; Community psychology; Factor analysis; Psychological sense of community; Psychometric analysis.

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