Archivos de Zootecnia
versión impresa ISSN 0004-0592
FELIZARDO, V.O. et al. Osmolarity of activator and dilution rate in the activation of cryopreserved semen of curimba (Prochilodus lineatus). Arch. zootec. [online]. 2011, vol.60, n.232, pp.1255-1262. ISSN 0004-0592. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0004-05922011000400040.
The objective of this work was to evaluate the influence of activators with different osmolarities and dilution rate in the activation of cryopreserved semen of curimba (Prochilodus lineatus). We used four breeding males captured in the Fishfarming Station of CEMIG, Itutinga, MG. Semen samples were diluted in two solutions (DMSO + methanol and lactose + lactose) at 1:4 ratio and frozen. The rates (%) and duration (s) of sperm motility for treatments were assessed. Activators with respective osmolarities: 30, 99, 183 and 293 mOsm at dilution rates of 1:2, 1:4, 1:6, 1:8 (semen: activator) were used. The dilution rates of 1:2 and 1:8 influenced duration of motility in semen cryopreserved with DMSO. For the 1:2 dilution, the semen activated with the activator containing 30 mOsm, presented greater motility duration than semen activated with activators with 183 and 293 mOsm. However, for the activator with 30 mOsm, it was obtained longer motility duration at a dilution of 1:2 compared to 1:4 dilution. At 1:6 dilution rate, when the semen was activated with the activator 30 mOsm, the motility rate was higher than that provided by the semen that was activated with 293 mOsm. At the dilution rate of 1:8, the use of activator containing 99 mOsm showed longer motility duration in relation to use of the activator with 293 mOsm. Activators containing high osmolarities can provide lower rates and duration of motility in semen of curimba (Prochilodus lineatus) cryopreserved with cryoprotectants methanol or DMSO.
Palabras clave : Sperm motility; Fish.