Archivos Españoles de Urología (Ed. impresa)
versión impresa ISSN 0004-0614
TARCIA KAHIHARA, Carina et al. Early versus delayed physotherapy in the treatment of post-prostatectomy male urinary incontinence. Arch. Esp. Urol. [online]. 2006, vol.59, n.8, pp.773-778. ISSN 0004-0614.
Objetive: To analyze the importance of the starting time for pelvic floor physiotherapy in patients with post radical prostatectomy urinary incontinence. Methods: Between May 2003 and February 2004 18 patients with the diagnosis of post radical prostatectomy urinary incontinence underwent physiotherapy of the pelvic floor. Each patient received 12 sessions using kinesitherapy and electric stimulation on a weekly basis. Patients were divided into two groups: Group 1 included eight patients that started therapy within the first six months after surgery; Group 2 included 10 patients starting therapy after the sixth post operative month. All patients were evaluated by the pad test and number of incontinence pads per day. Results: Evaluating pad tests before and after treatment, six patients in group 1 had a reduction of the amount of urine leak in comparison to seven patients in group 2. The statistical analysis showed signi.cant differences before and after treatment for both groups (group 1: p= 0.028; group 2: p = 0.018). The evaluation of the number of pads showed: Group 1: all eight patients using pads had a reduction in the number of pads. Group 2: 5 of the eight patients using pads had a reduction and the other three continued using the same number. Statistical analysis comparing the number of pads per day before and after treatment showed a significant difference in group1 (p = 0.004). There was no statistically significant difference in the number of pads per day before and after physiotherapy in group 2, although half of the patients showed a diminishment in the number of pads required after treatment. Conclusions: Results demonstrate that early indication of physiotherapy for the treatment of post radical prostatectomy urinary incontinence is better than delayed treatment. New works may be developed in the future to confirm our results.
Palabras clave : Urinary incontinence; Radical prostatectomy; Physiotherapy; Transcutaneous nerve electric stimulation; Adult incontinence pads.