Archivos Españoles de Urología (Ed. impresa)
versión impresa ISSN 0004-0614
SALINAS CASADO, Jesús et al. High dynamic risk cystoceles. Arch. Esp. Urol. [online]. 2010, vol.63, n.5, pp.355-361. ISSN 0004-0614.
Objectives: To assess the bladder compliance in a series of cystoceles referred for urodynamic study. Methods: Retrospective study of a series of patients with cystocele undergoing medical history, videurodynamic study, pelvic MRI and lower urinary tract, urological ultrasound and cystoscopy. We Excluded cases with neurogenic dysfunction and urinary infection. The terminology followed the criteria of the ICS, if not specified otherwise. The series includes 3333 cases of cystocele 616 of which are grade III cystocele. There were 3 cases with low bladder compliance; this is 0.0009% of total (1:1000) and 0.5% of grade III cystocele (1:200) Results: All cases of cystocele whit low compliance were associated with feeling of a bulk in the vagina and functional symptoms of lower urinary tract (LUTS). No urinary incontinence was related to cough. These patients also showed urodynamic alterations in the voiding phase, type hypo / acontractile detrusor and postvoid residual. The patients were subjected to various techniques of abdominal and transvaginal cystocele repair (with preventive anti-incontinence surgery), getting a vagina bulk disappearance, improvement of symptoms of lower urinary tract function, normalization of bladder compliance and detrusor contractility, with elimination of the postvoid residual. Conclusions: Although they are not frequent, high-risk cystoceles should be discarded in high-grade cystocele that apart from low bladder accommodation, have a hipo/acontractile detrusor and postvoid residual. Surgical correction of cystocele not only reduces the bulk and LUTS, but normalizes urodynamic alterations.
Palabras clave : Cystocele; Low bladder compliance; High risk cystocele.