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Actas Urológicas Españolas

Print version ISSN 0210-4806


PEREZ FENTES, D.A. et al. Atypical sites of metastatic renal carcinoma: Literature review. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2005, vol.29, n.7, pp.621-630. ISSN 0210-4806.

Objective: To review in the literature atypical sites of metastatic renal cell carcinoma, its onset, clinical features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis. Methods: To review, using Medline database, atypical sites of metastatic renal cell carcinoma in the last five years Spanish literature. Results: There have been published 15 spanish articles about atypical metastatic renal cell carcinoma in the last five years. Most patients were male with a mean age of 62,3 years and methacronous metastases. Imaging and pathological diagnosis. Main sites: ocular, renal graft, larynx, suprarenal, brain, penis, gastric and pancreatic. Surgical treatment if the surgeon is able to remove the lesion. Inmunotherapy and radiotherapy in the rest of cases. Conclusions: Renal cell carcinoma represents about 3% of all adult malignancy neoplasms. Its metastatic sites, in order of frequency, are lung, bone and liver, whether synchronic or methacronic. Its location, clinical features, onset, evolution and prognosis is very variable. Individualized diagnostic and therapeutic approach, according to prognostic factors. The knowledge of this atypical sites in patients with renal cell carcinoma in the past can lead us to an earlier diagnosis and treatment which could change the evolution of the illness.

Keywords : Renal cancer; Metastasis; Diagnosis; Treatment.

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