Actas Urológicas Españolas
versión impresa ISSN 0210-4806
CASTILLO, O. et al. Complications in laparoscopic nephrectomy. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2006, vol.30, n.8, pp.812-818. ISSN 0210-4806.
Objective: To report the complications and their respective management in our series of laparoscopic nephrectomy. Material and methods: Between November 1992 and March 2004, 319 patients underwent laparoscopic ablative renal surgery: 152 were women and 167 were men, mean age was 45 years (range: 0,5 - 82 years). There were 70 radical nephrectomies, 16 radical nephroureterectomies, 63 partial nephrectomies, 124 simples nephrectomies, 15 simples nephroureterectomies, 8 heminephrectomies and 23 living donor nephrectomies. Results: The complication rate was 5.64%. The most frequent complications were bleeding (2.5%) and retroperitoneal haematoma (1.2%). There was not statically difference in complications rate by age, sex, or approach via: transperitoneal versus retroperitoneal. Complication rate was alike with laparoscopic or hand assisted technique. There was not mortality in the series. Conclusions: We have a low complication rate in laparoscopic nephrectomy. We believe that laparoscopy is a safe technique for patients that require ablative renal surgery when the surgical team has experience in advanced laparoscopic surgery.
Palabras clave : Laparoscopy; Nephrectomy; Complications.