Actas Urológicas Españolas
versión impresa ISSN 0210-4806
CASTILLO, O. et al. Laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of adrenal pathology: Experience with 200 cases. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2006, vol.30, n.9, pp.926-932. ISSN 0210-4806.
Objective: We are presenting our experience in laparoscopic adrenalectomy, after adopting the laparoscopic technique for 10 years as a primary option for suprarenal surgery. Methods: We included 200 laparoscopic adrenal surgeries performed in a consecutive manner in 183 patients with surgical suprarenal pathology between November 1994 and November 2005. Sixty-seven (36.6%) patients were male and 116 (63.4%) were female, with an average age of 49.1 years (age range 8 months to 78 years). Results: The most frequents clinical diagnosis were hyperaldosteronism (17.5%), metastatic cancer (15.8%), pheochromocytoma (15.3%), Cushing syndrome (7.1%), adrenal cyst (4.9%) and myelolipoma (2.7%). A total of 164 total adrenalectomies, 29 partial adrenalectomies and 7 marsupializations of adrenal cysts were performed. Mean surgical time was 82.6 minutes (range 25 to 240 minutes) and mean hospitalization time was 2.5 days (range 1-10 days). The size of the suprarenal gland and/or tumor varied between 1 and 14 cm (average 5.6 cm). The rate of complication was 6%. In 8 of the patients, there was another laparoscopic procedure besides the adrenal surgery: cholecystectomies (2), marsupialization of a renal cyst (2), block nephrectomy (2), partial nephrectomy for a tumor (1) and pancreatic cystectomy (1). One patient underwent a right laparoscopic adrenalectomy and an ipsilateral percutaneous nephrolithotomy. Conclusion: The accumulated experience with 200 laparoscopic adrenal procedures has allowed the management of endocrine pathologies, such as, aldosteroma, pheochromocytoma, Cushing syndrome and rare entities, such as, cysts, myelolipomas in a suitable manner. Additionally, it has permitted us to extend the benefits of a minimally invasive procedure for large adrenal masses and selected oncology cases.
Palabras clave : Adrenalectomy; Adrenal glands; Laparoscopy.