Actas Urológicas Españolas
versión impresa ISSN 0210-4806
COLLADO SERRA, A. et al. Is radical cystectomy justified in patients over 75 years old?. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2008, vol.32, n.3, pp.288-296. ISSN 0210-4806.
Introduction and objectives: Radical cystectomy is the standard treatment for invasive bladder cancer. The objectives are to evaluate intraoperative and postoperative complications and to determine overall disease-free interval and overall time to progression in patients over tha age of 75 and to compare these with younger patients. Material and methods: Between august 1980 and october 2004 , 495 patients underwent radical cistectomy. Patients with palliative surgery were excluded. Patients were divided in two groups according to age: control group (<75 years old) and elderly group (≥75 years old). Results: Four hundred and two patients were evaluated: 39 patients (35 male and 5 female) in the elderly group and 363 in the control group (321 males and 42 females). Mean age was 76 (range: 75-82) and 62 (range: 35-74) respectively. Mean followup was 38 months in the elderly group and 64 months in the control group. Thirty one patients (80.4%) in the elderly group and 211 patients (58.2%) in the control had non organ-confined tumour in cystectomy specimen (pT3-pT4) (p=0.0096) and ten patients (28.6%) in the elderly and 111 patients (31.4%) in the control group had positive nodes (p=0.84). There were no differences in postoperative surgical complications (p=0.08), postoperative reoperation rate (p=0.58) and postoperative mortality (p=0.28) in both groups. During postoperative time, 11 patients (28%) in the elderly group and 50 patients (13.8%) in the control had medical complications (p=0.03). Fourteen patients (35.9%) in the elderly group and 104 patients (39.4%) in the control group died due to tumour during follow-up (p=0.73). Kaplan-Meier survival curve revealed no differences between two groups in overall disease-free interval and overall time to progression. Conclusions: Radical cystectomy is a safe and effective treatment in elderly patients with invasive bladder cancer. It is necessary to evaluate co-morbidity in this group because there is an increase in postoperative medical complications. There were no differences between the two groups in overall disease-free interval and overall time to progression.
Palabras clave : Age; Postoperative complications; Radical cystectomy; Invasive bladder cancer.