Actas Urológicas Españolas
versión impresa ISSN 0210-4806
ALONSO Y GREGORIO, Sergio et al. Laparoscopic radial nephrectomy in big surgical specimens. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.7, pp.755-758. ISSN 0210-4806.
Introduction: The retroperitoneal surgery is the clearer indication for the laparoscopic approach. Still there are indications for open surgery because of the complexity of the patient and the surgeon experience. Objectives: The main objective is to report our experience of laparoscopic radical nephrectomies in patient with tumors greater than 7 cm. or surgical specimens with more than 700 gr. of weight. We analyze their characteristics, complications rate, surgical time, postoperative outcome and hospital stay. Materials and methods: Since july 2004 to july 2008 we have performed 104 laparoscopic radical nephrectomies. We have selected 41 patients with characteristics of big surgical specimens. Results: The average surgical time has been of 184,3 min. Only 1 case has been converted into open surgery and only 1 intraoperative death because of cardiologic arrhythmia. The average hospital stay has been of 3,51 days. The complications rate and postoperative outcome are similar to the whole series. Discussion: Laparoscopic nephrectomy is technically less complex than radical prostatectomy. However, their possible complication implies a much bigger severity. The more complex cases must be approach laparoscopically only after a wide experience. Actually, in our department we usually indicate an open approach when surgical specimen crossover the abdominal middle line and in those cases where the tumoral thrombus affect the main renal vein and/or the vena cava.
Palabras clave : Laparoscopy; Nephrectomy; Renal cancer.