Actas Urológicas Españolas
versión impresa ISSN 0210-4806
CRISOSTOMO AYALA, Verónica et al. Ultrasonographic histological study on the evolution of a canine model of hormone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.8, pp.895-901. ISSN 0210-4806.
Introduction: Despite exhibiting histological differences from the human process, canine hormone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is still the most widely used animal model for evaluating treatment strategies. Objectives: The aim of this study is to determine the optimal moment for starting a therapeutic trial in this animal model. Material and methods: Six male beagle dogs over one year of age were used in this study. All animals received a combination of steroid hormones, namely 17b-estradiol and 5a-androstene 3a 17b-diol, every other day during three (Group 1, n=3) or five months (Group 2, n=3). Transrectal ultrasonographic examinations to measure prostate volume were performed monthly. Animals were euthanized after five months for histological study of their prostates. Results: All animals developed BPH, with prostate volume increasing over time as hormones were administered (r=0,910). All ultrasonographic studies performed up to the third month evidenced a significant increase in prostate volume when compared to the prior ultrasound measurement. A significant decrease in prostate volume was seen in Group 1 once hormone administration was interrupted, whereas Group 2 animals showed a continuing increase in prostate size. Histological examination showed almost no evidence of BPH in Group 1 animals, while Group 2 animals clearly exhibited moderate epithelial hyperplasia. Conclusions: The administration of a combination of steroid hormones is effective in inducing benign prostatic hyperplasia in canines, but this hyperplasia disappears when hormone treatment is interrupted. In order to be useful for experimental studies, hormones should be administered for at least three months before commencing any treatment, and they should be continued throughout the length of the study.
Palabras clave : Animal model; Dog; Benign prostatic hyperplasia.