Actas Urológicas Españolas
versión impresa ISSN 0210-4806
PALMA, T.F. et al. A new experimental model for inducing interstitial cystitis by oxidative stress using bladder instillation of a nitric oxide donor gel. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.5, pp.253-258. ISSN 0210-4806.
Purpose: The aim of this study is to develop a new experimental model of inducing interstitial cystitis (IC) through vesical instillation of a polymeric solution containing the NO donor S-nitrousglutathione (GSNO) and to compare it to the experimental interstitial cystitis induced by vesical instillation of protamine and potassium chloride. Material and method: For that purpose 40 female Wistar rats were used, divided in four groups: 1. saline solution + GSNO; 2. saline solution + polymeric solution (without GNSO); 3. protamine sulphate + KCl; 4. protamine sulphate + GSNO. The rats received one application (5 animals) or 3 applications (5 animals) of the corresponding substance through intravesical instillation, and after 6days (5 animals) or 9days (5 animals) they were euthanized and their bladders were removed for macroscopic evaluation and histological study. Results: In the macroscopic evaluation we observed edema and hyperemia of the mucosa in 2 (22%) of the animals in group 1, in 0 (0%) of the animals in group 2, in 10 (100%) of the animals in group 3, and in 5 (50%) of the animals in group 4. In the protamine + KCl group and in saline + GSNO similar effects were observed on the bladder wall. The animals in group 2 (saline + polymeric) showed vascular congestion, significantly smaller than the rest after 9days instillations (p=0.0035). Significant increased fibrosis was observed after instillations in groups 3 and 4, after 6days (p=0.3781) and 9days (p=0.0459) respectively, when compared to control (group 2). All groups presented neutrophilic infiltrate of variable intensity 6days after instillations (p=0.7277). After 9days, there was a regression of the infiltrate, with no evidence of accentuated neutrophilic reaction in all the groups (p=0.2301). Conclusion: The inflammatory response to bladder instillation of an aqueous solution of S-nitrousglutathione was very similar to that induced by bladder instillation of protamine and KCl. Instillation of an aqueous solution of GSNO can be considered a new model for experimental induction of interstitial cystitis.
Palabras clave : Interstitial Cystitis; Nitric Oxide; In vivo model.