Actas Urológicas Españolas
versión impresa ISSN 0210-4806
FERRIS-I-TORTAJADA, J.; GARCIA-I-CASTELL, J.; BERBEL-TORNERO, O. y ORTEGA-GARCIA, J.A.. Constitutional risk factors in prostate cancer. Actas Urol Esp [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.5, pp.282-288. ISSN 0210-4806.
Introduction: The aim of this review is to update and divulge the main constitutional risk factors involved in the etiopathology of prostate cancer. Materials and methods: Bibliographic review of the scientific literature on the constitutional risk factors associated with prostate cancer between 1985 and 2010, obtained from MedLine, CancerLit, Science Citation Index and Embase. The search profiles were Risk Factors, Genetic Factors, Genetic Polymorphisms, Genomics, Etiology, Epidemiology, Hormonal Factors, Endocrinology, Primary Prevention and Prostate Cancer. Results: The principal constitutional risk factors are: age (before the age of 50years at least 0.7% of these neoplasms are diagnosed and between 75-85% are diagnosed after the age of 65years), ethnic-racial and geographic (African Americans present the highest incidence rates, and the lowest are found in South East Asia), genetic, family and hereditary (family syndromes cover 13-26% of all prostate cancers, of which 5% are of autosomal dominant inheritance), hormonal (it is a hormone-dependent tumour), anthropometric (obesity increases the risk), perinatal, arterial hypertension and type 2 diabetes. Conclusions: Constitutional risk factors play a very important role in the etiopathology of prostate cancer, especially age, ethnic-racial-geographic factors and genetic-family factors. We cannot know what percentage of these neoplasms are a result of constitutional factors, because our knowledge of these factors is currently lacking.
Palabras clave : Prostate Cancer; Constitutional Risk Factors; Carcinogenesis; Epidemiology.