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Medicina Intensiva

versión impresa ISSN 0210-5691

Resumen

GALEOTE, Guillermo et al. Enoxaparin vs. non-fractionated heparin in primary angioplasty of acute myocardial infarction. Med. Intensiva [online]. 2009, vol.33, n.1, pp.1-7. ISSN 0210-5691.

Objective. The objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of intravenous enoxaparin (ENX) and Non-fractionated Heparin (NFH) in primary angioplasty (PA) of acute myocardial infarction (PA-AMI). Design. A prospective, observational study. Patients and methods. A total of 191 patients admitted at the hospital with the diagnosis of Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) and treated with primary angioplasty were included. ENX was used in 91 patients (47.6%) and NFH in 100 patients (52.4%). Choice of treatment was based on the operator's opinion. Patients with cardiogenic shock were excluded. The first group received an intravenous bolus of ENX (0.75-1 mg/Kg) and the second one NFH (70-100 u/Kg), depending on whether it was associated with abciximab or not. In-hospital follow-up was performed, evaluating mortality and bleeding complications of both treatments. Results. In-hospital mortality was 1.1% for the ENX group and 3.3% for NFH one. No significant differences were found in the number of bleeding complications with ENX (4.4%) and NFH (9.0%). There was one subacute thrombosis of stent for the ENX group and 3 thrombosis in the NFH-treated group. No significant differences were found in size of infarction measure with troponin I level (63.1 for ENX and 54.8 for the NFH) or in the left ventricle ejection fraction on hospital discharge (51% for ENX and 49.4% for the NFH). Conclusions. Primary angioplasty can be safely sued with the intravenous administration of ENX, no significant differences being found between both treatments in mortality and bleeding complications.

Palabras clave : Coronary angioplasty; Enoxaparin; Stent; Acute myocardial infarction.

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