versión impresa ISSN 0210-5691
CABELLO, B. et al. Improvement in the measurement technique of pulmonary artery pressure by Doppler echocardiography with contrast in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Med. Intensiva [online]. 2010, vol.34, n.8, pp.506-512. ISSN 0210-5691.
Objective: To evaluate the benefit of contrast echocardiography in the assessment of systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PAPs). Design: Compare standard reference (Doppler-echocardiography) with contrast. Location: Echocardiography department. Patients: Ambulatory chronic obstructive patient disease (COPD). Intervention: Continuous wave Doppler spectral signal of tricuspid regurgitation (TR) was evaluated before and after intravenous injection of a galactose-based intravenous echo-enhancing agent. A four patterns scale classified the quality of the TR signal: 0=absent regurgitation; 1=protosystolic signal not allowing the recognition of peak velocity; 2=non-homogenous signal intensity, albeit allowing the measurement of maximal velocity; and 3=uniform pansystolic velocity signal. PAPs was estimated adding 10mmHg to the transtricuspid gradient, calculated from the TR peak velocity. Results: PAPs was only calculated reliably in 20 (49%) patients before the administration of contrast. Seventeen patients were classified as pattern 2, and three as pattern 3 on the scale of the TR quality signal. After contrast 41 (95%) patients showed a reliable TR signal. Two were classified as pattern 1, 11 as pattern 2 and 28 as pattern 3 on the scale of the TR quality signal. In the 20 patients in whom PAPs was estimated before contrast, a significant increase in PAPs values occurred after contrast, 44±10mmHg vs. 56±15mmHg (p<0.01). Conclusion: The use of an echocardiography contrast agent increases the number of COPD patients in whom PAPs can be estimated non-invasively and may avoid underestimation of the PAP value.
Palabras clave : Pulmonary artery systolic pressure; Tricuspid regurgitation; Contrast echocardiography; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.