versión impresa ISSN 0210-5691
LLAURADO, M. et al. Southern European Intensive Care Nurses' Knowledge of Evidence-Based Guidelines for Preventing Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia. Med. Intensiva [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.1, pp.6-12. ISSN 0210-5691.
Objectives: To assess Southern European intensive care unit nurses' knowledge about evidence-based guidelines for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia and to compare these findings with a pan-European perspective. Design: A sub-analysis from an observational study performed using a 9-questions, multiple-choice questionnaire performed during the period October 2006 - March 2007. Setting: Six Southern European countries, selected from 22 participant European countries. Participants: Volunteer nurses from intensive care units. Results: 3329 questionnaires were obtained, 1182 of them belonging to Southern European countries with a 75.8% response rate. Global average score was 45.1%, being it significantly better in the South of Europe (46.6%, P<.001). A linear multiple regression analysis showed that years of working experience (per class of increase) (B=0.154±(SD) 0.045) (95% CI (0.066-0.242))(p=0.001) and working in a smaller intensive care unit (B=-0.210±(SD) 0.059)((95% CI) -0.326-0.094)(P<.001) was independently associated with better test scores. Conclusions: Southern European critical care nurses' knowledge about ventilator-associated pneumonia prevention is poor, but significantly better than in the pan-European countries.
Palabras clave : Evidence-based guidelines; Intensive care; Prevention; Questionnaire; Ventilator-associated pneumonia.