versión impresa ISSN 0210-5691
CURIEL-BALSERA, E. et al. Analysis of maternal morbidity and mortality among patients admitted to Obstetric Intensive Care with severe preeclampsia, eclampsia or HELLP syndrome. Med. Intensiva [online]. 2011, vol.35, n.8, pp.478-483. ISSN 0210-5691.
Objective: To describe the incidence and clinical and epidemiological profile of patients with severe preeclampsia admitted to Intensive Care. Design: A prospective, observational case series. Setting: A specific obstetric 8-bed ICU belonging to a university hospital with a total of 55 ICU beds. Patients: A total of 262 patients admitted due to severe preeclampsia, eclampsia or HELLP syndrome. Intervention: Descriptive analysis of the population and complications in the ICU and hospital mortality. Results: The mean patient age was 30.47±5.7 years, with the following diagnóstico at admission: A total of 78% of the patients with severe preeclampsia, 16% with HELLP syndrome, and 6% with eclampsia, occurring in gestational week 31.85±4.45. In turn, 63% of the patients were nulliparous and had a low prevalence of previous diseases. The global complications rate was 14% (9% heart failure, 5% acute renal failure and 2% coagulopathy). Maternal mortality was 1.5% (4 patients), and was associated with non-nulliparous status, the presence of complications, and toast > 71mg/dl. Conclusions: Severe preeclampsia has a low mortality rate (1.5%), though the complications rate is considerable (14%). The condition develops more often in nulliparous women during the third trimester of pregnancy.
Palabras clave : Severe preeclampsia; Eclampsia; HELLP syndrome; Intensive care unit; Complications; Mortality.