Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría
versión impresa ISSN 0211-5735
The first juvenile courts in Spain were established in 1918 and would continue to have jurisdiction throughout the nineteenth century. Prior to that time, however, scarce treatment was given by state institutions to this issue and was almost exclusively dealt with in altruistic terms to guarantee the welfare of children. In this article the author analyzes the legislation and institutions prior to the nineteenth century and goes on to direct his focus at the consequences of the "Montero Ríos law" of 1918; in particular how it has affected the way in which the state intervenes in issues concernig anti-social juveniles. From this historical framework, the autor turns his attention to the difficulties and pecularities of the recent act to govern the penal responsibility of minors which was approved in 2001, raising the penal age in Spain to eighteen.
Palabras clave : Juvenile offenders; antisocial; juvenile courts; history of state institutions; juvenile delinquency.