Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría
versión impresa ISSN 0211-5735
MENENDEZ OSORIO, Federico. The Psychiatric Reformation 20 years later: Panorama of the state of Psychiatry in Spain from the 1970s to the 2000s: from an unique thought to another one. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2005, n.95, pp.69-81. ISSN 0211-5735.
20 years after the Psychiatric Reformation, the situation of Psychiatry in Spain is analysed from the seventies to the two thousands, taking as a frame the report of the Ministerial Committee for the Psychiatric Reformation. Succintly, it is divided in three periods going from the Psychiatry during the latest years of the dictatorship, through the implications of the model and changes introduced by the Psychiatric Reformation, to the field appearing as dominant in the panorama of the psychiatric practice from the nineties: the neurosciences. It could be very brieﬂy expressed with a sentence: from an unique thought to another one. The prevailing epistemic basis and paradigms are outlined, as well as the characteristics and forms of expression of this unique thought, and the potential risks of totalitarian temptations, scientific and ideological fundamentalisms, restricting the diversity and freedom of thinking and the scientific progress at all.
Palabras clave : 30 years of Psychiatry; Psychiatric Reformation; epistemic and scientific basis; Ideological Paradigms; Economic Administration; Neurosciences.