Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría
versión impresa ISSN 0211-5735
TIZON, Jorge L. et al. Psychosis and social differences: Comparing psychosis prevalence between two socially differentiated urban settings. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.2, pp.193-218. ISSN 0211-5735.
Objectives: To contribute to the discussion about aetiology and risk factors of psychosis comparing the prevalence in general population and in "age of risk population" for schizophrenias and other psychoses on two neighbourhoods of Barcelona (Spain). Method: We base our reflections in a transversal study about the results of an informatized case register of all the patients' with detected psychopathology in this geodemographic and assistencially differentiated area: 5 Basic Areas of Health (103.615 inhabitants). Results: The total "psychopathological patients" detected were 21.536. From them, 838 completed the restrictive criteria to be diagnosed as "schizophrenics " (476) or "affected by other psychoses" (362). Among the neighborhood charged with psychosocial risk factors and the other 4 adjacent basic areas of health, assisted for the same team, so much clinical as investigator, the incidence and the prevalence of the schizophrenia and other psychoses is twice as much, almost in each group diagnosis. Conclusion: It seems necessary to keep in mind the great weight of the social and psychosocial factors to explain those differences of incidence and prevalence of the schizophrenia and the psychoses in different populations.
Palabras clave : Schizophrenia; genetics; psychoses; social risk factors; psychological risk factors; urbanicity; cities.