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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

versión On-line ISSN 2340-2733versión impresa ISSN 0211-5735


FERNANDEZ MENDEZ, Javier et al. Effectiveness of brief psychotherapy in community mental health centers II: results. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2011, vol.31, n.1, pp.13-29. ISSN 2340-2733.

Background: The aim of the current research has been comparing the effectiveness of a brief psychotherapy with the usual treatment of Common Mental Disorders in Mental Health Centers (MHC) of Asturias. The general background of this study has already been described by Fernández-Méndez et al (2010) and readers are referred to that article for details regarding rationale, design, treatments and procedures of the study. Subjects and method: Two hundred and sixteen patients over the age of 14 were selected at random among those who consulted for the first time in six MHC and were diagnosed of depressive, anxiety or adjustment disorders. One hundred and forty-one fulfilled the inclusion criteria and agreed to take part in the study; they were assigned at random into two groups: brief integrative-eclectic psychotherapy (n = 76) or usual treatment in the MHC (n = 65). Their results have been compared at 6, 12, 24 and 36 months against diverse indexes of clinical improvement, psycho-social functioning and sanitary indirect indicators. Information has been obtained from the Psychiatric Cases Record, the Clinical History and from the patients. The following instruments have been used: the Clinical Global Impression of Improvement scale, the Sheehan Disability Inventory and a Satisfaction Survey. Results: Brief psychotherapy was more effective than usual treatment: it resulted in a higher number of discharges and subjects show greater improvements in clinical status and disability, and greater satisfaction. These differences occur both at 6 months to one year and two years of starting treatment. Furthermore, although the average number of sessions is equal in both groups (about six), time-wise the psychological treatment lasted much less. Conclusions: Psychotherapy has proven a viable and effective treatment for most cases consulted at the MHC.

Palabras clave : Brief Psychotherapy; Short-term Psychotherapy; Common Mental Disorders; Minor Psychiatric Disorders; Clinical trial; Effectiveness; Community Mental Health Centers; Mental Health Services.

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