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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 2340-2733Print version ISSN 0211-5735

Abstract

JIMENEZ PASCUAL, Ana Maria et al. Descriptive and exploratory analysis of two models of care for Autism Spectrum Disorder in children and adolescents in the Area "Mancha Centro". Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2011, vol.31, n.4, pp.631-646. ISSN 2340-2733.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0211-57352011000400003.

Objective: Identify and quantify possible differences in current functioning, social and family characteristics and data development among children and adolescents diagnosed with ASD school age (from 3 to 16 years) Area Centro La Mancha attending special schools (SS) and those attending hospital day (HD). Material and methods: Observational study, which explores the differences between the two models of care. We selected children diagnosed with ASD between 3 and 16 years living in the area Mancha Centro. Tests assessed intellectual functioning (Weschler, ABC Kauffman), adaptive skills (Vine-land), language skills (Peabody) and performance characteristics (CARS). The assessment of each child was conducted by an independent researcher. Results: We recruited 40 patients, 31 males and 9 females (ratio 3,4:1) with a mean age of 10.9 years (range 3 to 16 years). 29 cases were treated exclusively in HD and 11 SS centers. Children attended in the HD had a higher frequency of disorders in pregnancy and childbirth and personal and family history morbid. The test results showed a higher level in all areas evaluated in children seen in HD, with statistically significant differences in language development, adaptative behavior and some areas of functioning measured by the CARS. Conclusions: This preliminary study shows that he model of care received in the Day Hospital is associated with a tendency to develop more favorable in children with SAD.

Keywords : Autism; day hospital; cognitive behavioral therapy; autistic spectrum disorders.

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