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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

On-line version ISSN 2340-2733Print version ISSN 0211-5735

Abstract

MESTAS, Lilia; SALVADOR, Judith  and  GORDILLO, Fernando. Cognitive reserve and planning deficit in patients with multiple sclerosis. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.113, pp.55-65. ISSN 2340-2733.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0211-57352012000100005.

Multiple sclerosis affects the nervous system causing cognitive impairment. Memory is one of the most affected, notwithstanding the nature or primary factor of disturbance is not yet clarified. Objective: To study the differences in verbal information processing in a group of this neurological pathology patients compared to healthy control group. To do this we examined the neuropsychological performance of 16 patients with multiple sclerosis relapsing-remitting type and a control group. The two groups were administered the Verbal Learning Test Spain-Complutense and a comparison between various test indices in both groups, and an analysis of correlation between socio-demographic variables in the experimental group to identify a protective factor. Results: Multiple sclerosis group obtained lower scores on indices analyzed with respect to control, as well as positive correlation between years of schooling and the onset of the disease and between the onset of the disease and occupation. The data found suggest that multiple sclerosis patients have little ability to plan, which directly affects their performance in learning and memory tasks.

Keywords : Executive functions; learning; mnesic processing; verbal information.

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