Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría
versión impresa ISSN 0211-5735
PEREZ DEL RIO, Fernando. How patients who are dependent on drugs change after six months' treatment in the therapeutic community. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.114, pp.287-303. ISSN 0211-5735. http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0211-57352012000200006.
Introduction: The aim of this study is to show how patients who are dependent on drugs change after six months' treatment in the Therapeutic Community (TC). Material and methods: Eight diagnostic tests were performed after the first month and after six months' treatment, pre test and post test design. The questionnaires used were: EuropASI. Psychopathology Questionnaire (SCL-90-R). Aggression Questionnaire (AQ). Personality Disorders (IPDE). Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (SES).Change Assessment Scale (URICA). Process of Change Questionnaire (PCQ). Decisional Balance Questionnaire (DBC). 76 patients in the TC diagnosed as dependent on substances were assessed according to DSM IV-TR. In order to carry out the socio-demographic profile and the seriousness to addiction profile, it was accomplished an analysis of Conglomerate in two phases with the data resulted in EuropASI. The average age of the participants was 33 years (range: 22-56 years). For the rest of the questionnaires, the dependent variables were classified in Z-scores and analyses of variance were then performed with repeated averages (ANOVA). Results and conclusions: The requirements were met for maintaining that there are significant changes in the following variables that were studied: (a) they do not consume substances; (b) they progress to the Action phase; (c) there are changes in the Decisional Balance; (d) their Self-Efficacy increases; (e) there are changes to the Hostility variable; (f) there are increases in five Change Processes.
Palabras clave : Drug Addicts; Addicts; Treatments; Therapeutic Community; Assessment.