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Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría

versión On-line ISSN 2340-2733versión impresa ISSN 0211-5735


DAVIDSON, Larry  y  GONZALEZ-IBANEZ, Àngels. Person-centered recovery and its implications in mental health. Rev. Asoc. Esp. Neuropsiq. [online]. 2017, vol.37, n.131, pp.189-205. ISSN 2340-2733.

One major source of confusion surrounding the use of the term recovery derives from a lack of clarity about the respective roles of health care practitioners and people with mental health problems. We offer two definitions of recovery in order to distinguish between the process of recovery and the provision of recovery-oriented care. Recovery refers to the ways in which a person manages a mental health condition trying to restore or develop a meaningful sense of belonging and a positive sense of identity apart from this condition. Recovery is a process of change through which individuals improve their health and wellness, conduct self-directed lives, and strive to reach their full potential. Recovery-oriented care is what mental health treatment and rehabilitation practitioners offer in support of the person's own long-term recovery efforts. The promotion of wellness through self-care and early intervention, both mental and physical, is an important component of it. Recovery-oriented care requires that people in recovery be involved in all aspects and phases of the care delivery process. In this article we clarify the terminology and provide a discussion of some of the ways in which recovery and recovery-oriented practice are commonly viewed from the perspectives of policy and practice. In contrast, we argue for a paradigm shift in which the role of the person "in recovery" remains at the center of all conceptualizations and debates while considering the role of culture in shaping how recovery is viewed and best promoted in different societies. We propose to promote this approach with cultural adaptations and to include this model in health schools and residency programs. Students and future professionals of health will thus have information about this model and will be able to decide on its integration in their daily practice.

Palabras clave : recovery; recovery-oriented care; person-centered; cultural adaptation; mental health.

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