versión impresa ISSN 0211-6995
JIMENEZ-ALMONACID, P. et al. Outpatient surgeries of patients with arteriovenous fistulas for hemodialysis: Integrated activity in a general surgery unit. Nefrología (Madr.) [online]. 2010, vol.30, n.4, pp.452-457. ISSN 0211-6995.
Introduction: The increase of prevalent haemodialysis patients is a challenge for surgery units. Vascular access related complications are the main cause of hospital admissions in many dialysis units. Outpatient surgery could decrease waiting lists, cost and complications associated to vascular access. Material and methods: We have performed a prospective study of the vascular access related surgery in a ten year period. Outpatient surgery was included with the rest of the activity in a general surgery unit and was performed by not exclusive dedicated surgeons. Results: Since 1998 to December 2009 we performed 2,413 surgical interventions for creating and repairing arteriovenous fistula in 1,229 patients, including elective and emergency surgery (74.8% and 25.2% respectively). Outpatient procedures were performed in 82% of cases (89% in elective and 60% in emergency surgery). There were unexpected admissions secondary to surgical complications in 6% of patients. There was no postoperative mortality. The rate of admissions was 0.09 events and 0.2 days per patient/year. Conclusions: Outpatient surgery is possible in a high percentage of patients to perform or to repair an arteriovenous fistula, including emergency surgery. Vascular access surgery can be included in ordinary activity of a surgical unit. Outpatient vascular access surgery decreases unnecessary hospital admissions, reduces costs and nosocomial complications.
Palabras clave : Hemodialysis vascular access; Outpatient surgery.