Print version ISSN 0211-6995
MONTERO, Nuria et al. Correlation between the protein/creatinine ratio in spot urine and 24-hour urine protein. Nefrología (Madr.) [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.4, pp.494-501. ISSN 0211-6995. http://dx.doi.org/10.3265/Nefrologia.pre2012.Apr.11300.
Introduction: Measurement of the protein content in a 24-hour urine sample is the definitive method of establishing the presence of abnormal proteinuria. However, the urine collection is cumbersome. The spot urine protein to creatinine ratio seems to be a reliable diagnostic tool for urine protein measurement. Objective: Our aim was to evaluate the spot urine protein/creatinine ratio against 24-h urine total protein excretion in different proteinuria ranges by comparing samples collected simultaneously in patients of Hospital del Mar during the last year. Material and method: Observational, cross-sectional study of 159 consecutive paired determinations of 24-h urine total protein excretion and the spot urine protein/creatinine ratio (P/C) in renal patients. The strength of the correlation was determined by calculating the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and the Spearman correlation coefficient (SCC). Results: Among all groups, there was a significant correlation between 24-hour proteinuria and the P/C ratio (SCC: r=0.91, P<0.001). The correlation in different levels of proteinuria were: <300mg (SCC: r=0.498, P<0.001; ICC: 0.46), 300-3499mg (SCC: r=0.828, P<0.001; ICC: 0.66) and ≥3500mg (SCC: r=0.181, P=NS; ICC: 0.18). Conclusions: In summary, a strong correlation was observed between spot urine protein/creatinine ratio and 24-h urine total protein excretion in proteinuria levels from 300mg/day to 3499mg/day. A lower correlation was also maintained in 24-h urine total protein <300mg. In our experience, there is no relevant correlation between spot urine protein/creatinine ratio and 24-h urine total protein excretion in nephrotic-range proteinuria.
Keywords : Renal failure; Proteinuria; Nephrotic syndrome; Urine protein-creatinine ratio.