versão impressa ISSN 0211-6995
ANTON-PEREZ, Gloria et al. Transplantectomy following renal graft failure. Nefrología (Madr.) [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.5, pp.573-578. ISSN 0211-6995. http://dx.doi.org/10.3265/Nefrologia.pre2012.Jun.11100.
Approximately 4%-10% of incident patients on dialysis have a non-functioning kidney graft, and according to series, as many as 32% require transplantectomy for a variety of reasons. Mortality in these patients is significantly higher than in those with a functioning graft or on renal replacement therapy without having received a graft. Graft intolerance syndrome, early graft loss, severe proteinuria, recurring pyelonephritis or neoplasia, and chronic inflammation syndrome have all been proposed as indications for transplantectomy. Chronic inflammation syndrome occurs in patients with high levels of inflammatory markers (C-reactive protein), anaemia resistant to treatment with erythropoiesis stimulators, and malnutrition markers. This inflammatory state is provoked by the graft, and reverts when a transplantectomy is performed, as several studies have shown. We have reviewed the medical literature published on this topic, the indications for transplantectomy and embolectomy, their advantages and disadvantages, the incidence of graft intolerance syndrome, and the pathophysiology of chronic inflammation syndrome, as well as the currently proposed therapeutic management algorithm.
Palavras-chave : Transplantectomy; Nephrectomy; Embolisation; Graft intolerance syndrome; Chronic inflammation.