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Nefrología (Madrid)

On-line version ISSN 1989-2284Print version ISSN 0211-6995


MOREIRAS-PLAZA, Mercedes. Where we come from and where we are going in terms of peritoneal dialysis: identifying barriers and strategies for the future. Nefrología (Madr.) [online]. 2014, vol.34, n.6, pp.756-767. ISSN 1989-2284.

Despite the 40 years history, the comparable survival of Hemodialysis and Peritoneal Dialysis (PD), and the improved PD technique survival, the percentage of patients performing PD is low. After a short history review and data description, we analyze the many non-medical factors ("the vicious circle") that contribute to the underutilization of PD: inadequate medical training, lack of infrastructures, small PD units, inadequate patient education for choice of dialysis modality, lack of multidisciplinary end-stage renal disease units, the proliferation of hemodialysis centers, or the trends in government reimbursement. Several of these factors are modifiable, and we propose future strategies to increase the use of PD.

Keywords : Underutilization of peritoneal dialysis; Choice of dialysis modality; Cost analysis; Training; Reimbursement system; Future.

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