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Dynamis

versión On-line ISSN 2340-7948versión impresa ISSN 0211-9536

Resumen

RODRIGUEZ SANCHEZ, Juan Antonio. The social sequelae of polio: the beginnings of the associationist movement in Spain (1957-1975). Dynamis [online]. 2012, vol.32, n.2, pp.391-414. ISSN 2340-7948.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4321/S0211-95362012000200006.

The social response in Spain against the polio epidemic was conditioned by the limitations imposed by the dictatorship. The first associations that emerged were related to the political system or were part of secular movements of the Catholic Church. Among the former is the Association again st Polio (ALPE) and among the latter is the Catholic Fraternity of Sick and Disabled People. They offer a contrast in their functions and their model of disability: a clear transition from the medical to the social model. A further dilemma detected was whether to offer services or teach people how to claim them. More important was the transmission of a model of sociability (through diocesan and camp activities) that incorporated democratic practices and trained leaders who have played an important role in the associations of people with disabilities since the democratic transition.

Palabras clave : Poliomyelitis; disability; associationism; religion; ideology.

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