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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

PLANAS, M.  y  GRUPO NADYA-SENPE et al. Enteral nutrition at home: National register for 2000. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2003, vol.18, n.1, pp.34-38. ISSN 0212-1611.

Goal: Once again, the NADYA-SENPE Working Group analysed the registered data of Home Enteral Nutrition (HEN) in our country, during the year 2000. Material and methods: The data were collected through a closed questionnaire included on our web site (www.nadya-senpe.com). Apart from epidemiological information, the form includes the indication to prescribe this treatment, the specific nutritional treatment used and its duration, access path, complications and readmission rate in hospital, follow-up of the treatment, patient’s quality of life and progress. All data were processed and analysed by the co-ordinating team. Results: Twenty two hospital participated and 2,986 patients, aged 65.1 ± 19.7 years, were enrolled. Of these patients, 41.2% were diagnosed with neurological diseases and 33.3% with cancer. The mean time on HEN was 6.3 ± 4.4 months. Oral nutrition was the preferential route (50.8%), followed by nasoenteral tube (30.5%), and in 17.4% ostomy tubes were placed. Polymeric was the formula composition mainly used (83.2%). Patients were followed (70.1 %) by the hospital reference Nutritional Support Unit. The complications related to nutrition included the gastrointestinal (0.25 complications/ patient), the mechanical one (0.19 complications/patient), and the metabolic (0.007 complications/ patient). Feeding tube need to be replaced 0.3 times/ patient/year. The readmission rate, for nutritional problems, was observed in 0.03 patients. At the end of the year, 54.9% of the patients were in the HEN program, and in 30.3% HEN was finish due to different reasons. In 21,9% of the patients no, o light, discapacity degree was found. Conclusions: Related to previous years, there is an increment in the number of enrolled patients. Neurological diseases and cancer were the more frequent diagnoses in HEN patients. Oral access was the higher feeding route due, probably, to the high prevalence of cancer patients. In spite of the elevated prevalence of neurological diseases, a few number of patients were feed with ostomy tube. Finally, due to the few readmission rate and complications, HEN is a safe treatment in our country.

Palabras clave : At-home; Enteral nutrition; NADYA.

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