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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

ORTIZ DE URBINA, J. J. et al. Effects of glutamine on antioxidants systems and hepatic detoxification in rats: influence of formulation. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2004, vol.19, n.2, pp.73-82. ISSN 0212-1611.

Goals: The goal of this study is to assess the effect that supplementing parenteral diets with L-glutamine or with L-alanyl-L-glutamine has on the balance of oxidants/antioxidants in the liver and on detoxification systems mediated by P-450 cytochrome in rats. Material and methods: Central catheters were inserted in the animals (n = 60) and they were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: a control group (C) with oral feeding and I.V. infusion of saline solution, a total parenteral nutrition group without glutamine (TPN without GLN), a parenteral nutrition group with glutamine supplement (TPN GLN), and a total parenteral nutrition group with a supplement of alanine-gluta-mine dipeptide (20 g/L) (TPN ALA-GLN). The parenteral nutrition provided was all isocaloric and isonitrogenated, and the infusions were administered at a speed of 2 ml/h over 5 days. Results: In the animals of the group without GLN, the liver concentration of glutathione was reduced while the levels of thiobarbituric acid reaction products (TBARS) increased. Supplementing with either glutamine or ala-nine-glutamine normalized the levels of glutathione but the TBARS levels only fell in the group with the dipeptide. This effect was parallel to the partial recovery of the antioxidant enzyme activities analyzed. The liver concentrations of P-450 cytochrome, P-450 cytochrome dependent mono-oxygenases and the clearance of antipyrine were not modified by the supplements of glutamine or alanine-glutamine. Conclusions: Our data suggest a greater protection by alanine-glutamine supplements against the injury produced by free radicals during TPN and the absence of any effect with either glutamine or alanine-gluta-mine supplements on the oxidative metabolism of the liver.

Palabras clave : Parenteral nutrition; Alanine-glutamine; Glutamine; Oxidative stress; Antioxidants and detoxification systems; Rats.

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