versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611
WANDEN-BERGHE, C. y FEHAD. Grupo de Nutrición et al. Malnutrition of home-based Hospital Patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2006, vol.21, n.1, pp.22-25. ISSN 0212-1611.
OBJECTIVE: We pretend to know the nutritional state in all patients that are being treated in the the Home Care Services Hospital Based (HCSHB) units , be which is their entrance causes and we also pretend to know the prevalence of undernutrition. SECONDARY OBJECTIVE: To know the prevalence of nutritional treatments in the HCSHB units, their relationship with the nutritional state, the pathology and the patient's origin inside the sanitary environment. ENVIRONMENT: A Multicentric study, in which the HCSHB units of three hospitals of the Valencia Community have intervened. Patient: 40 patients that remained in that moment entered by different causes in the HCSHB units. VARIABLES: Sex, age. Origin service, pathology, Subjective Global Valuation (SGV), IMC, nutritional support, type of nutritional support, albumin, Cholesterol, lymphocytes. RESULTS: The half age has been of 77,45 years (SD 11 years) with 67,5% of males. The patients, in all the cases, came from hospital Services, being the pathology responsible for the entrance mainly the oncological 32,5%, surgical 7,5%, neurological 7,5% and 52,5% others. According to GSV 52.5% present a good nutritional status, 37.5% had a suspect of under nourishment and 10% had a clear under nourishment. The IBM for the 12.5% of the patients is ≤ 20 and the IBM for the 42.5% ≤ 22. The 35% were receiving nutritional support, supplements the 78% and oral enteral nutritionthe 14% of the patients. We have found a lineal relation between the IBM and the levels of albumin that the patients presented, also with the figures of cholesterol and it has not been found any relationship with the lymphocytes number.
Palabras clave : Nutritional status; Home nutrition; Home care services, hospital-based.