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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

PEREZ DE LA CRUZ, A. J.; MORENO-TORRES HERRERA, R.  y  PEREZ ROCA, C.. Nutritional management of intestinal failure and potential stimulation mechanisms. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2007, vol.22, suppl.2, pp.86-102. ISSN 0212-1611.

Severe forms of intestinal failure represent one of the most complex pathologies to manage, in both children and adults. In adults, the most common causes are chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction and severe short bowel syndrome following large intestinal resections, particularly due to massive mesenteric ischemic, within the context of cardiopathies occurring with atrial fibrillation. The essential management after stabilizing the patient consists in nutritional support, either by parenteral or enteral routes, with tolerance to oral diet being the final goal of intestinal adaptation in these pathologies. Surgery may be indicated in some cases to increase the absorptive surface area. Parenteral nutrition is an essential support measure that sometimes has to be maintained for long time, even forever, except for technique-related complications or unfavorable clinical course that would lead to extreme surgical alternatives such as intestinal transplantation. Hormonal therapy with trophism-stimulating factors opens new alternatives that are already being tried in humans.

Palabras clave : Intestinal failure; Intestinal pseudo-obstruction; Short bowel syndrome; Parenteral nutrition; Enteral nutrition; Hormonal therapy.

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