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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

OVIEDO, G. et al. Effect of intragastric balloon as an alternative method for weight loosing in obese patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2009, vol.24, n.1, pp.40-45. ISSN 0212-1611.

Obesity has increased worldwide affecting people of all ages and accounting for a severe public health problem. There exist several treatment options for obesity: dietary, pharmacological, physical exercising, psychotherapy, and surgical. Placement of the so-called intragastric ballonn, a silicone device similar to a 600-mL sphere, has been proposed, indicated for patients with a body mass index higher than 30 kg/m2. Objective: To assess the effect of the intragastric balloon as an alternative method for weight loosing in obese patients. Methodology: Longitudinal, experimental, descriptive, and exploring study. The sample includes 40 obese patients. Anthropometrical measurements including weight, height, abdominal circumference, tricipital and subscapular folds were done; the body mass index (BMI), muscle surface area and fat a surface area were calculated at baseline, first, third and sixth months after balloon placement. Results: The sample comprised 31 women (77.5%) y 9 men (22.5%). The mean age for women was 35.87 years, and for men 44.67 years. At the end of the study, there was a total mean weight reduction of 18.25 kg, BMI 5.95 kg/m2, abdominal circumference 13.53 cm, and arm circumference 4.14 cm, in both genders; the decrease in anthropometrical measurements was higher in men than women. Conclusions: The intragastric balloon showed to be an effective method for weight loosing in obese patients, with better outcomes in men than women.

Palabras clave : Intragastric balloon; Obesity; Body mass index.

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