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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

PEREZ-CUETO, F. J. A.; ALMANZA-LOPEZ, M. J.; PEREZ-CUETO, J. D.  y  EULERT, M. E.. Nutritional status and diet characteristics of a group of adolescents from the rural locality Calama, Bolivia. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2009, vol.24, n.1, pp.46-50. ISSN 0212-1611.

In 2003 a pilot study was carried out in the rural area of the Bolivian Department of La Paz aiming at the identification of dietary patterns among a group of secondary school adolescents who have little or scarce contact with the urban centres. The study consisted of a food intake survey (24 h recall), the measurement of anthropometrics and sociodemographic information. Nine percent was the global prevalence of overweight, although it was more present in girls. No statistically significant differences were found between nutrients in the diets of boys and girls. The energy intake was distributed in the five usual eating times as follows: 22% breakfast, 20% break time at school, 24% lunch, 12% tea time and 22% dinner. Furthermore, the anthropometric measures of boys were compared with their urban counterparts, where the differences were only significant with students in private schools. The present study can be used for the formulation of nutritional policies in Bolivia.

Palabras clave : Nutritional status; Food consumption; Overweight; Bolivia; Adolescents; Traditional diet.

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