versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611
LUENGO PEREZ, L. M. y GRUPO NADYA-SENPE et al. National registry of home enteral nutrition in Spain 2007. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2009, vol.24, n.6, pp.655-660. ISSN 0212-1611.
Objective: To communicate the results from the registry of Home-Based Enteral Nutrition of the NADYASENPE group in 2007. Material and methods: We included every patient in the registry with home enteral nutrition any time from January 1st to December 31st of 2007. Results: The number of patients with home enteral nutrition in 2007 was 5,107 (52% male) from 28 different hospitals. 95.4% of them were 15 yr or older, with a mean age of 67.96 ± 18.12, and 4.2 ± 3.38 among patients aged 14 yr or less. The most common underlying diseases were neurological (37.8%) and neoplastic diseases (29.3%). Enteral nutrition was administered p.o. in most patients (63.5%), followed by nasogastric tube (25.9%), while gastrostomy was only used in 9.2%. The mean time in enteral nutrition support was 9.4 months and the most common reasons for withdrawal were death (58.7%) and switching to oral intake (32%). Activity was limited in 31.4% of patients and 36.01% were house-bound. Most patients needed partial (26.51%) or total (37.68%) care assistance. Enteral formula was provided by hospitals to 69.14% of patients and by pharmacies to 30.17% of them, while disposable material was provided by hospitals to 81.63% and by Primary Care to the remaining patients. Conclusions: In 2007, there has been an increase of more than 30% of patients registered with home enteral nutrition comparing with 2006, without any big difference in other data, but a higher proportion of patients with enteral nutrition p.o.
Palabras clave : Enteral nutrition; Home based enteral nutrition; Nutritional support.