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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


BABIO, N. et al. Dietary fibre: influence on body weight, glycemic control and plasma cholesterol profile. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2010, vol.25, n.3, pp.327-340. ISSN 1699-5198.

There have been several studies on the effects of dietary fibre on the metabolism. Epidemiologic studies have consistently reported an inverse relationship between dietary fibre and type 2 diabetes mellitus or cardiovascular mortality. This review focuses on observational and experimental studies that examine the effect of different types and sources of dietary fibre on body weight, glucose metabolism and lipid profile. From the available evidence, we conclude that clinical studies consistently show that the intake of viscous dietary fibre decreases the low density lipoprotein cholesterol and postprandial glucose levels, and induces short term satiety. However, few clinical trials have demonstrated that the intake of dietary fibre has a positive effect on the control of diabetes and body weight.

Keywords : Dietary fibre; Body weight; Overweight; Obesity; Diabetes; Cholesterol.

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