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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


SOTOS-PRIETO, M. et al. Coffee and tea consumption in a high cardiovascular risk Mediterranean population. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2010, vol.25, n.3, pp.388-393. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: Coffee and tea consumption recommendations for a healthy diet have been changing in recent years as it has increased the level of evidence on their benefits has increased. Objective: To know the frequency of coffee and tea consumption of in a high cardiovascular risk Mediterranean population (CVR) and to analyze whether there are differences between the consumption of these drinks by cardiovascular risk factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 945 people (340 males, 605 females) (67.4 ± 6.2 years old) with high CVR recruited in primary care centres of Valencia, included in the PREDIMED study. Coffee and tea consumption has been determined through a validated questionnaire. We analyzed biochemical, clinicaland anthropometric variables by standard methods. Results: Tea consumption is very low in this Mediterranean population (0,4 ± 1,6 cups/weeks). By contrast, coffee consumption averaged nearly one cup per day (6,5 ± 5,2 cups/weeks). Hypertensive patients showed a lower overall consumption of coffee than in non-hypertensive patients (6,6 ± 5,1 vs 7,3 ± 5,9; P = 0,023 respectively). These differences were greatest when caffeinated coffee consumption is analyzed (2.9 ± 4.5 vs 4 3 ± 5.3, P < 0001). Moreover, diabetics consumed significantly less coffee and tea than non-diabetics (P = 0,015 and P = 0,022 respectively), these differences being greater for caffeinatedcoffee (P < 0,025). Conclusions: In conclusion, in this high cardiovascular risk Mediterranean population a coffee consumption pattern, based on traditional recommendations, is observed, that as a result of new scientific evidence should be update.

Keywords : Coffee consumption; Tea; Hypertension; Diabetes; Cardiovascular diseases.

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