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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


TORRINHAS, R. S. et al. Cell activation state influences the modulation of HLA-DR surface expression on human monocytes/macrophages by parenteral fish oil lipid emulsion. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2010, vol.25, n.3, pp.462-467. ISSN 1699-5198.

Abnormal surface expression of HLA-DR by leukocytes is associated with a poor prognosis in critical care patients. Critical care patients often receive total parenteral nutrition with lipid emulsion (LE). In this study we evaluated the influence of fish oil LE (FO) on human monocyte/macrophage (Mf) expression of surface HLA-DR under distinct activation states. Mononuclear leukocytes from the peripheral blood of healthy volunteers (n = 18) were cultured for 24 hours without LE (control) or with 3 different concentrations (0.1, 0.25, and 0.5%) of the follow LE: a) pure FO b) FO in association (1:1 - v/v) with LE composed of 50% mediumchain trygliceride and 50% soybean oil (MCTSO), and c) pure MCTSO. The leukocytes were also submitted to different cell activation states, as determinate by INF-γ addition time: no INF-γ addition, 18 hours before, or at the time of LE addition. HLA-DR expression on Mf surface was evaluated by flow cytometry using specific monoclonal antibodies. In relation to controls (for 0.1%, 0.25%, and 0.5%: 100) FO decreased the expression of HLA-DR when added alone [in simultaneously-activated Mf, for 0.1%: 70 (59 ± 73); for 0.25%: 51 (48 ± 56); and for 0.5%: 52.5 (50 ± 58)] or in association with MCTSO [in simultaneously-activated Mf, for 0.1%: 50.5 (47 ± 61); for 25%: 49 (45 ± 52); and for 0.5%: 51 (44 ± 54) and in previously-activated Mf, for 1.0%: 63 (44 ± 88); for 0.25%: 70 (41 ± 88); and for 0.5%: 59.5 (39 ± 79)] in culture medium (Friedman p < 0.05). In relation to controls (for 0.1%, 0.25%, and 0.5%: 100), FO did not influence the expression of these molecules on non-activated Mf [for 0.1%: 87.5 (75 ± 93); for 0.25%: 111 (98 ± 118); and for 0.5%: 101.5 (84 ± 113)]. Results show that parenteral FO modulates the expression of HLA-DR on human Mf surface accordingly to leukocyte activation state. Further clinical studies evaluating the ideal moment of fish oil LE infusion to modulate leukocyte functions may contribute to a better understanding of its immune modulatory properties.

Keywords : Parenteral fat emulsions; HLA-DR; Fish oil.

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