versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611
VIEIRA, F. G. K. et al. Factors associated with oxidative stress in women with breast cancer. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2011, vol.26, n.3, pp.528-536. ISSN 0212-1611.
Objective: To assess the association between physiological, physical, lifestyle and nutritional variables and oxidative stress biomarkers in women with breast cancer. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 55 women newly diagnosed with breast cancer. The extent of oxidative stress was analyzed by the measurement of plasma lipid hydroperoxides (LH), thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), protein carbonyl, whole blood reduced glutathione (GSH) and serum antioxidant capacity (AC). Diet data were obtained from food frequency questionnaire. Linear regression was used to determine the association between the variables studied and oxidative stress biomarkers. The protein carbonyl data was not included in the linear regression analyses since the data did not show a normal distribution, even after logarithmic and other transformations. Results: After adjusting for energy intake, the intake of chicken and high-fat dairy products was associated with increased levels of LH, while vitamin E intake was associated with decreased LH levels (R2 = 23.8%). Intake of oils was associated with increased levels of TBARS (R2 = 6.82%). Positive axillary lymph node status was associated with decreased levels of GSH (R2 = 9.31%). Increasing age was directly associated with levels of AC, while animal fat, dairy product, and sweet food intakes were associated with low levels of AC (R2 = 41.42%). Conclusion: Intake of chicken, vitamin E, dairy products (particularly high-fat dairy products), oils, animal fat, and sweet foods, along with axillary lymph node status and age, may be important determinants of oxidative stress in women with breast cancer.
Palabras clave : Breast cancer; Oxidative stress; Dietary intake; Predictive factors.