versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611
GARCIA-ALONSO, F. J. et al. Nutrition acute pancreatitis. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.2, pp.333-340. ISSN 0212-1611.
Acute pancreatitis is a common and potentially severe disease where nutritional support does affect its development in a way it may be considered a treatment in severe cases. These include around 20% of patients and present mortality rates of 8%-39%. In mild acute pancreatitis patients are prescribed nil per os at admission and advance diet in a progressive manner the following days. Although early introduction of diet has proven to shorten the length of stay, it is still not clear when and how to introduce diet. Severe disease is a hypercatabolic situation which often appears in already malnourished patients. Early enteral nutrition has shown a significative benefit over parenteral nutrition in terms of infection rates, hyperglycemia and mortality rates. This benefit may be related to a decrease in bacterial intestinal translocation. Nasoyeyunal tube feeding is the preferred site, but there are trials supporting nasogastric tubes, a more feasible election. The following lines offer an up to date review of nutritional management in acute pancreatitis, trying to answer in a clear and practical way to the most frequent problems arising in the day to day management of this disease.
Palabras clave : Severe acute pancreatitis; Enteral nutriton; Parenteral nutrition.