versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611
DE LA TORRE AGUILAR, M.ª J. et al. Plasma fatty acids profile in paediatric cancer patients. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.2, pp.617-622. ISSN 0212-1611.
The small number of cases of cancer in children and the difficulties of research, have contributed to there being few studies on the metabolic and nutritional status of these patients. The main objective of this study was to investigate the nutritional and metabolic alterations in children with cancer, and specifically the plasma fatty acid profile after receiving chemotherapy, compared with a group of healthy children. Methods: We selected 12 children with cancer aged between 0 and 16, who had received at least one cycle of chemotherapy, one month before the study and were not end-stage disease. Nutritional survey was conducted, anthropometric measurements, general biochemical analysis and profile of fatty acids in plasma were evaluated. Results: No changes in anthropometric and nutritional biochemical parameters were detected. In the omega-6 fatty acids, lower values of linoleic and docosapentaenoic acid, and higher levels of gamma-linolenic acid, and normal levels of arachidonic acid were observed. In theomega-3, we found normal values of alpha-linolenic acid and docohexanoic acid, and lower values of eicosapentaenoic acid. Conclusion: It seems glimpsed a partial deficiency in the metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids in children with cancer, good nutrition and having received at least one cycle of chemotherapy. Further research is needed to allow specific supplementations.
Palabras clave : acids; Pediatric oncology; Nutritional status.