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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

LARA-PULIDO, A.  y  GUEVARA-CRUZ, M.. Malnutrition and associated factors in elderly hospitalized. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.2, pp.652-655. ISSN 0212-1611.

Objectives: To investigate the frequency of malnutrition and associated factors in patients over 65 years of age in a hospital. Methods: We conducted an observational, crosssectional and descriptive study. Department of Nutritional Support, Hospital Medica Sur, Mexico, we evaluated patients over 65 years of age within the first 24 hours of admission. Results: We evaluated 769 patients, 49% of whom were women and 51% were men, with an average age of 75.3 ± 7.7 years. Among the patients evaluated, 53.6% exhibited an altered nutritional state. In addition, 9% were diagnosed as obese and 15% as overweight. Their risk of malnutrition was determined to be 22.5%, and at the time of admission, 7% were malnourished. Conclusion: The prevalence of malnutrition in hospitalized patients over 65 years of age was high. Thus, the early diagnosis of patients who are at risk for malnutrition or who are malnourished is essential and allows for prompt treatment.

Palabras clave : Malnutrition; Elderly; Mini Nutritional Assessment; Prevalence; Hospitalized.

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