versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611
CALVO SAGARDOY, R.; GALLEGO MORALES, L. T. y GARCIA DE LORENZO Y MATEOS, A.. Training model for integral treatment of patients with eating disorders resistant to change. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.3, pp.763-770. ISSN 0212-1611. http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2012.27.3.5690.
The need to find effective treatments for patients with Anorexia or Bulimia nervosa has led to the professionals who care for them to develop new forms of treatment that take into account the variables that cause resistance to change. Patients in this study (2006-2009) have the following characteristics: 340 patients who have 7 or more years of evolution and/or have tried numerous previous treatments without having succeeded in starting and / or maintaining the desired changes, that allowed them to recover steadily. As the proposed treatment, the patient-treatment team is based on the principles of the training model. It considers the patient holistically, it informs and provides him with resources to increase its commitment to change. Teaches the patient to take care physically and mentally as a way to regain their health and leave the disorder in a stable way. Includes family members as essential support in the recovery of their closest. Therapists require extensive experience in the treatment of ED, flexibility, ability to integrate with other team members even if they use different theoretical models, skills for group sessions, ability to handle negative emotions and frustration tolerance. Finally, the model presented below has been implemented, recovered patients whose stay in the disorder exceeded 15 years of development and led to permanent occupational disability.
Palabras clave : Anorexia; Training model; Flexibility; Family.