versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611
GONZALEZ JIMENEZ, E. et al. Anthropometric study and evaluation of the nutritional status of a population school children in Granada: comparison of national and international reference standards. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.4, pp.1106-1113. ISSN 0212-1611. http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2012.27.4.5852.
Recent studies show an alarming increase in levels of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents. The main objectives of this research were the following: (i) to carry out an anthropometric evaluation of the nutritional status and body composition of school children in the city and province of Granada; (ii) to compare the nutritional status of this population sample with national and international reference standards. The results obtained in this study showed that the general prevalence of overweight in both sexes was 22.03% and that 9.12% of the children were obese. Statistically significant differences were found between the variable, weight for age and sex (p < 0.05) and the variable, height for age and sex (p < 0.05). Regarding the body mass index, no statistically significant differences were found for the variable, sex (p = 0.182). This contrasted with the variable, age, which did show statistically significant differences (p < 0.05). As a conclusion, the results of our study highlighted the fact that these anthropometric values were much higher than national and international reference standards.
Palabras clave : Children; Adolescents; Obesity; Anthropometry; Nutritional status.