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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611

Abstract

HERNANDEZ, N.; ALVES, D.; ARROYO, M.  and  BASABE, N.. From fear of obesity to the obsesion with thinness: attitudes and diet. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.4, pp.1148-1155. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2012.27.4.5829.

Objective: Investigate the relationship between body satisfaction, attitudes toward body and obesity, diet quality and emotional health in a group of university students. The initial hypothesis was that attitudes to thinness and fear of obesity induces weight control behaviours and lower diet quality. Methods: 55 women of 19-25 years. The relationship between body mass index (BMI), diet quality (DQ), restrictive behaviours, eating attitudes (EDI-2, CIMEC) and attitudes toward obesity (AFA) was analyzed. Measures of health (SF-12) and emotional state (PNA) were also collected. Results: 10.9% of the sample had a diet classified as "poor", 83.6% "needs improvement" and 5.5% followed a "good" diet. Most of participants were dissatisfied with their weight even when their BMI was located in the normal range. Weight-restrictive behaviors were associated with risk attitudes to eating disorders, but DQ did not discriminate among high and low BMI groups, nor was related to attitudes. The more was the anxiety (negative affect), the more were the body dissatisfaction and pressures on body image. Idealized social image of thinness was linked to the stigmatization of obesity, lower dietary diversity and more restrictive practices. Conclusion: The results of this pilot study contributes to clarify the relationship between psychological and behavioral indices related to diet in university women students.

Keywords : Diet quality; Attitudes; Body image; Thinness; Obesity.

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