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Nutrición Hospitalaria

On-line version ISSN 1699-5198Print version ISSN 0212-1611


BETANZOS-CABRERA, G.; ESTRADA-LUNA, D.; BELEFANT-MILLER, H.  and  CANCINO-DIAZ, J. C.. Mice fed with a high fat diet show a decrease in the expression of "toll like receptor" (TLR)2 and TLR6 mRNAs in adipose and hepatic tissues. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.4, pp.1196-1203. ISSN 1699-5198.

Introduction: Pattern-recognition receptors (PRRs), which include Toll-like Receptor (TLRs) and Nacht leucinerich repeat proteins (NLRP/NALPs), are molecules of innate immunity able to recognize a wide variety of ligands present in microorganisms and human tissues. Adipocytes (fat cells) may play an important role in the physiological regulation of their own immune responses via TLRs. During obesity, the inflammatory pathway is triggered and insulin responsiveness is altered in fat tissue as a result of TLR4 activation by dietary lipids. Objective: Here, we investigate if other PRR family members could also participate in the inflammatory processes in the adipose tissue of obese mice. Methods: The mRNA expression of TLRs, the NLRP3-inflammasome (NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1 and IL-lbeta), IL-6, and TNFα in the hepatic and adipose tissues of mice fed with a high fat diet (HFD) were studied by RT-PCR. Results: Adipose tissue from mice fed with a HFD had decreased expression levels of TLR2, TLR6 and TLR7 and was similar to the pattern in hepatic tissue HFD mice. IL-6 and TNF-α expression also were decreased in adipose tissue of mice fed with a HFD. NLRP3-inflamma-some expression was not modified. Conclusion: These results suggest that the low expression of TLR2, and TLR6 in the mice fed with a HFD could be regulating the inflammation induced by the diet employed in this study.

Keywords : TLR; NLRP3; Adipose; Liver; Fat.

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