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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

LANDA-GALVAN, H. V. et al. Nutritional assessment of alcoholic liver cirrhotic patients treated in the liver Clinic of the Mexico's General Hospital. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2012, vol.27, n.6, pp.2006-2014. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2012.27.6.6070.

Malnutrition in the cirrhotic patient is associated to a higher morbidity and mortality rate; however, the diagnosis is complex, so the study objective was to assess the nutritional status using different methods. Adult patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis treated in the Liver Clinic of the Mexico's General Hospital were evaluated. Anthropometric measurements and a 24 hours recall were made; screening tools (Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool, Nutritional Risk Screening-2002) and a method for assessing nutritional status specifically in cirrhotic patients (Royal Free Hospital Global Assessment) were used. We included 62 patients, 51.6% of them were men. Malnutrition by arm muscle area was 31.3% in men and 10% in women, and by arm fat area was 23.3% in women and 3.1% in men (p < 0.05). With the screening tools the percentages of malnutrition risk were 43.5% and 54.8% respectively, vs. 1.6% identified as "low weight" with the Body Mass Index. With the Royal Free Hospital Global Assessment tool the percentage of malnutrition was 45.2%. Patients with malnutrition had an energy and protein intake significantly lower than the well-nourished: 19.7 kcal/kg and 0.89 g/kg vs 30 kcal/kg and 1.25 g/kg (p < 0.005). Malnutrition is a common complication in patients with liver cirrhosis. Men have higher depletion of muscle mass and women a higher loss of body fat. The Body Mass Index is not a reliable tool for assessing malnutrition. It's advisable to use tools with indicators of body composition such as the Royal Free Hospital Global Assessment.

Palabras clave : Nutritional status; Nutrition assessment; Liver cirrhosis.

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