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Nutrición Hospitalaria

versión On-line ISSN 1699-5198versión impresa ISSN 0212-1611

Resumen

BECKER VERONESE, Camila Beltrame et al. Basal Energy Expenditure measured by indirect calorimetry in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Nutr. Hosp. [online]. 2013, vol.28, n.1, pp.142-147. ISSN 1699-5198.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3305/nh.2013.28.1.6152.

Background: Determination of Basal Energy Expenditure (BEE) is essential for planning nutritional therapy in patients with esophageal cancer. Aims: The objective of this study was to determine BEE through indirect calorimetry (IC) in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus (SCC). Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 30 patients admitted with a diagnosis of SCC who underwent IC before starting cancer therapy. The BEE was evaluated using IC and also estimated by means of the Harris-Benedict Equation (HBE). Nutritional assessment was conducted using anthropometric parameters (body mass index, arm circumference, triceps skinfold thickness, arm muscle circumference, and weight loss), biochemical parameters (albumin, transferrin and C-reactive protein) and tetrapolar bioimpedance to assess body composition (fat free mass). Additionally, lung capacity was measured and clinical staging of the cancer established by the TNM method. Results: The mean of the BEE for IC and Harris-Benedict Equation were 1421.8 ± 348.2 kcal/day and 1310.6 ± 215.1 kcal/day, respectively. No association was found between BEE measured by IC and clinical staging (p=0.255) or the Tiffeneau Index (p=0.946). There were no significant associations between BEE measured by IC and altered dosages of transferrin, albumin and C-reactive protein (p=0.364, 0.309 and 0.780 respectively). The factors most associated with BEE were BMI and fat free mass. Conclusion: The BEE of patients with SCC was underestimated when using the HBE, and the result overestimated when incorporating an injury factor with the HBE. Therefore, despite the practical difficulties of implementing IC, its use should be considered.

Palabras clave : Esophageal cancer; Indirect calorimetry; Basal energy expenditure.

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